Please use the Search bar to access the archives instead of the Alphabetical / Chronological Archives as we are experiencing technical difficulties with those areas of the website. Thank you.

back to blog home | about Rabbi Buchwald |  back to main NJOP site

Sources/Commentators

Abarbanel (1437-1508, Spanish statesman, philosopher and commentator)

Achad Ha’Am (Asher Zvi Hirsh Ginsberg, 1856-1927)

AJOP (Association for Jewish Outreach Programs)

Akeidat Yitzchak (R. Isaac Arama, 1402-1494, Spain, philosophical-homiletical commentator)

Rabbi Joseph Albo (Spanish-Jewish philosopher and theologian, c. 1380-c. 1444)

Alexander the Great (356 B.C.E. – 323 B.C.E.)

Rabbi Nison Alpert (prominent talmudic scholar, 1927-1986, rosh yeshiva of Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary and first rosh kollel of Kollel L’Horaah)

Alshich (a popular commentary on the bible by R’ Moshe Alshich of Safed, 1508-1593?)

Aruch HaShulchan (Commentary on the Code of Jewish Law by Yechiel Michel Epstein, a leading rabbi and posek in Lithuania, 1829-1908)

Ateret Z’kaynim (a commentary on a section of the Shulchan Aruch by Menahem Mendel Auerbach, ?-1689) cites the Sefer HaRokeach (a guide to Jewish law by Rabbi Eleazer ben Yehudah, c. 1165-c.1230)

Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (1910-1995, renowned Jewish leader, authority on Jewish law, and head of Yeshiva Kol Torah in Jerusalem)

Avnei Azel (work attributed to Rabbi Alexander Zusia Friedman, 1897-1943, rabbi and Torah commentator in pre-war Warsaw, author of the popular anthology, Wellsprings of Torah)

Ba’al HaTurim (Jacob ben Asher, c.1275-1340, Germany and Spain, famed halakhist, author of a comprehensive commentary on the Torah)

Baal HaTanya (Rabbi Shneur Zalma of Liady, 1745-1812, founder of the Chabad-Lubavitch Hassidic movement)

Baal Shem Tov (R. Israel ben Eliezer, 1700-1760, the founder of the Chassidic movement)

Rabbeinu Bachya (Bachya ben Asher, 1263-1340, biblical commentator of the Golden Age of Spain and author of a commentary on the Pentateuch)

Be’er Mayim Chaim (R. Chaim ben Betzalel, 1515-1588, Chief Rabbi of Worms, older brother of Maharal)

Ben Sirah (200-175 BCE, a work of ethical writings attributed to Shimon ben Yehuda ben Eliezer ben Sira of Jerusalem)

Rabbi Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev (1740-1809, one of the most influential Chassidic leaders in central Poland and the Ukraine)

Bet HaLevi (Commentary on the Pentateuch by Rabbi Yosef Dov HaLevi Soloveitchik, 1820-1892, Rosh Yeshiva in Volozhin and later Rabbi of Slutzk and Brisk)

Philip Birnbaum (1904-1988, American religious author and translator)

Martin Buber (1878–1965, an Austrian-born Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue)

Rabbi Simcha Bunam (1765-1827, R’ Bunam Bonhart of Peschischa, one of the main Hasidic leaders in Poland)

Umberto Cassuto (1883–1951, a rabbi and Biblical scholar born in Florence, Italy, also known as Moshe David Cassuto)

Chatam Sofer (1762-1839, Rabbi Moses Schreiber of Pressburg, leader of Hungarian Jewry)

The Chidah (Rabbi Chaim David Joseph Azulai, 1724-1806, great religious scholar in Israel and Europe)

Chidushei HaRim (work authored by Rabbi Yitzchak Meir of Ger, 1799-1866, founder of the Ger Chassidic dynasty)

Chofetz Chaim (R. Yisrael Meir HaKohen of Radin, 1838-1933, a foremost leader of Jewry, famous for his saintly qualities)

Rabbi Chaim of Chernovitz (1760-1817, a Hassidic rabbi, and disciple of both the Maggid of Mezritch and Rabbi Yechiel Michel of Zlotchov. Author of the classic Hassidic Torah commentary, Be’er Mayim Chayim, he lived a good part of his life in Jerusalem, where he died)

Chozeh of Lublin (R. Jacob Issac Horowitz, 1745-1815, the Seer of Lublin, Father of Chassiduth in Poland)

The Code of Jewish Law (Shulchan Aruch, compiled by Rabbi Joseph Caro, 1488-1575)

Da’at Sofrim (an extensive compilation of scriptural commentaries, edited by Rabbi Chaim D. Rabinowitz, b. 1911)

Da’at Z’kenim (collection of comments on the Pentateuch by the Tosafists of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries)

Rabbi Aryeh Ben David (author of Around the Shabbat Table and was a member of the Senior Faculty at the Pardes Institute in Jerusalem)

Dubno Maggid (R. Yaakov Krantz, 1741-1804, the most famous of the Eastern European maggidim–itinerant preachers)

Dr. Yisrael (Shay) Eldad (1919-1996, noted Israeli independence fighter and Revisionist Zionist philosopher)

Rabbi Baruch HaLevi Epstein (1860-1941, the famed author of the Torah Temimah)

Rabbi Moshe Feinstein (1895-1986, Rosh Yeshiva of Mesivta Tifereth Jerusalem in New York City and leading halachic decisor of his time)

Rabbi Ben-Zion Firer (1914-1988, rabbi of Nir Galim, Israel, renowned for his erudite homilies)

Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Ferber (1879-1966, Lithuanian born rabbi, author and scholar, served as rabbi of the West End Talmud Torah Synagogue in Soho, London for over 40 years

Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried (Hungary, 1804-1886, author of the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, the abridged Code of Jewish Law)

Rabbeinu Yona of Gerondi (Jonah b. Abraham, c.1200-1263, Spanish rabbi, author and moralist)

Rabbi Mordechai Gifter (1915-2001, Rosh Yeshiva of the Telshe Yeshiva in Cleveland, OH)

Gur Arye (supercommentary on Rashi, authored by Rabbi Judah Lowe, 1526-1609, the Maharal of Prague)

Rabbi Yehudah Nachshoni (1915-1982, Leader of Agudath Israel in Israel, Bible scholar, popular editor, writer and thinker)

Ha’amek Davar (commentary on the Torah by the Netziv, R. Naftali Zvi Yehudah Berlin, 1817-1893)

Haketav Vehakabbala (comprehensive commentary of the Torah by R. Yaakov Tzvi Mecklenburg, 1785-1865, Chief Rabbi of Koenigsberg in Germany)

Rabbi Menachem HaKohen (1932-, an Israeli rabbi, writer, thinker and former politician)

Professor Isaak Heinemann (German born scholar who immigrated to Israel where he specialized in general and Jewish philosophy, 1876-1957)

Rabbi Joseph Hertz (Chief Rabbi of the British Commonwealth, 1872-1946)

Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch (1808-1888, great Bible commentator and leader of German Jewry)

Hizzekuni (Hezkiah ben Manoah, French exegete of the 13th century)

Rabbi Judah HaLevi (c.1080-c.1145, philosopher and most famous Jewish liturgical poet in medieval Spain)

Rabbi Dovid Tzvi Hoffman (1843–1921, leading German rabbi, Torah scholar and Bible commentator)

Rabbi Yitzchak Hutner (1907-1980, Rosh Yeshiva of Mesivta R. Chaim Berlin in New York and a foremost thinker and leader of Jewry)

R. Abraham Ibn Ezra (1098-c.1164, Spanish Bible commentator)

Flavius Josephus (Jewish historian, 37 CE- circa 100 CE)

Julius Caesar (Roman Emperor, 100 B.C.E. – 44 B.C.E.)

Rabbi Avraham Yeshaya Karelitz (1878-1953, brother of the Chazon Ish, acknowledged as a foremost leader of Jewry)

Rabbi Joseph Caro (1488-1575, compiler of the Code of Jewish Law, the Shulchan Aruch)

K’tav Sofer (Rabbi Abraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer of Pressburg, 1815-1879, leader of non-Chassidic Hungarian Jewry)

Eliyahu Kitov (1912-1976, one of Israel’s most acclaimed religious writers)

Kli Yakar (R. Shlomo Ephraim Lunshitz, c.1550-1619, Rosh Yeshiva of Lemberg and Rabbi of Prague, author of a popular bible commentary)

Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook (the first Chief Rabbi of Israel, 1865-1935)

Rabbi Aharon Kotler (1891-1962, a prominent leader of Orthodox Judaism in Lithuania, and later the United States, where he founded Beth Medrash Govoha in Lakewood Township, New Jersey)

The Kotzker Rebbe (Rabbi Menachem Mendel Morgensztern of Kotzk, 1787-1859, one of the leading Chassidic Rebbes in the mid-nineteenth century, known for his pithy comments)

Rabbi Eliyahu Lapian (1876-1970, a prominent leader of the Mussar movement in England and Israel)”

Rabbi Zev Leff (Rabbi of Moshav Matityahu, Israel, an American-born rabbi and popular Torah educator)

Nehama Leibowitz (famed Israeli Bible teacher, 1905-1997)

Rabbi Aryeh Levine (1885-1969, the Tzaddik, righteous man, of Jerusalem, known for his volunteer chaplaincy at hospitals in Israel)

Rabbi Elimelech of Lida (Elimelech Kaminetsky, d. 1875, rabbi of Lida, Belorussia)

Rabbi Yehuda Leib Eiger of Lublin (1816-1888, grandson of Rabbi Akiva Eiger)

Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto (1707-1746, great Jewish ethicist and kabbalist)

Magen Avraham (basic commentary on Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim by R. Avraham Gombiner of Kalisch, Poland, 1634-1682)

Rabbi Meir of Premishlan (1783-1850, famed Hasidic leader in the Ukraine)

Maharik (1420-1480, Joseph Colon Trabotto, considered Italy’s foremost scholar and Talmudist)

Maggid of Koznitz (Rabbi Yisrael of Koznitz, 1740-1814, Hassidic master best known for his oratory skills)

Maggid of Mezeritch (R. Dov Ber of Mezeritch, c. 1700-1772, a major disciple of the Baal Shem Tov and an early leader of the Hassidic movement)

The Maharal (Rabbi Judah Loew, 1525-1609, Rabbi of Prague, leading scholar, mystic and philosopher)

Rabbi Yehuda Leib Maimon (1875-1962, prominent rabbi and Religious Zionist leader)

Maimonides (the Rambam, the great Medieval Jewish philosopher, codifier and physician, 1135-1204)

Rabbeinu Gershon of Mainz (c. 960-1028, one of the leading rabbinic authorities of his time)

The Malbim (Rabbi Meir Yehudah Leibish, 1809-1879, leading Torah scholar in Germany, Romania and Russia)

May’am Lo’ez (an extensive Ladino commentary on the entire Hebrew Bible, 17-18th century)

Mechilta (Halachic midrash of Tanaitic origin to the Book of Exodus)

Meshech Chochmah (commentary on the Pentateuch by R. Meir Simcha HaKohen of Dvinsk, 1843-1926, author of the classic work Ohr Sameach)

Rabbi Meyuchas ben Eliyahu (apparently of Greek origin, he was one of the most important Bible commentators and Hebrew grammarians in the Middle Ages)

Midrash HaGadol (an anonymous 14th century compilation of aggadic midrashim on the Pentateuch)

Midrash Lekach Tov (work compiled by Rabbi Toviah HaGadol of Greece and Bulgaria, 1036-1108)

Mishnah Berurah (Commentary on the first part of The Code of Jewish Law by the Chofetz Chaim-Rabbi Yisrael Meir HaCohen of Radin, 1838-1933)

Mizrachi (R. Eliyahu Mizrachi of Constantinople, 1450-1525, author of the basic supercommentary on Rashi’s Torah commentary)

Rabbi Elie Munk (1900-1980, Rabbi in Paris, author of Call of Torah, a commentary on the Torah)

The Netziv (R. Naftali Zvi Yehudah Berlin, 1817-1893, author of Ha’amek Davar, a commentary on the Torah)

Onkelos (c.35 C.E.-120 C.E., author of the definitive Aramaic translation of the bible, Targum Onkelos)

Or HaChaim (commentary on the Pentateuch by the famed Kabbalist and Talmudic scholar R. Chaim ben Attar, 1696-1743)

Rabbi Ephraim Oshry (1914-2003, Rabbi in Kovono, Poland)

Oznayim LaTorah (commentary on the Torah by Rabbi Zalman Sorotzkin, 1881-1966, who was a leading rabbi in Lithuania and subsequently in Israel)

Ovadiah of Bartenura (1445-1515, Italian rabbi best known for his popular commentary on the Mishnah)

Peninim on the Torah (an anthology of insights on the weekly parasha, compiled by Rabbi A. L. Scheinbaum

Peleh Yoetz (Rabbi Eliezer Papo, 1785-1828, Bulgarian Jewish scholar and leader)

Rabbi Yaakov Filber (contemporary Jerusalem scholar, a leading disciple of Rabbi Kook)

Rabbi Shimshon Dovid Pincus (1944-2001, an American-born rabbinic scholar who served as the Chief Rabbi and head of the Yeshiva of Ofakim, Israel)

Pirkei D’rav Eliezer (an early Midrash composed about 100 CE)

W. Gunther Plaut (1912-2012, rabbi of Holy Blossom Temple in Toronto and Bible scholar)

Pri Tzedek (Rabbi Tzadok HaCohen of Lublin, 1823-1900)

Midrash Rabbah (A compendium of rabbinic expositions on many books of the Bible, which incorporates folklore, historical anecdotes, moral exhortations, and practical advice in various spheres of life.)
The Radak (Rabbi David Kimchi, 1160-1235, Provence, leading Bible commentator and grammarian)

Radbaz (David ben Zimra, 1479-1573, spiritual leader of Egypt for over 40 years)

The Ralbag (R’ Levi ben Gershom, Gersonides, 1288-1344, of Provence, biblical exegete and philosopher)

Ran (Rabbeinu Nissim, approx. 1290-1380, Spanish scholar, author of a commentary to the Talmud and a halachic commentary to the work of Rabbeinu Yitzchak Alfasi)

Rama/Rema (Rabbi Moshe Isserles, 1530-1572, Cracow, Poland, author of HaMapah, the Ashkenazic commentary on the Shulchan Aruch, the Code of Jewish Law)

Ramban (Nachmanides, Rabbi Moshe ben Nachman, 1194-1270, Spanish Torah commentator)

RaMCHaL (Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto, 1707-1746, great Italian Jewish ethicist and kabbalist)

Rashba (Rabbi Shlomo ibn Aderet, 1235-1319, leading Spanish rabbi of his generation)

Rashbam (Rabbi Samuel b. Meir, French exegete, c.1085-1174, grandson of Rashi)

Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki, 1040-1105, foremost commentator on the Bible)

Recanati (1250-1310, renowned commentator and only Italian rabbi of his time to devote the majority of his writings to Kabbalah)

Rabbi Shlomo Riskin (Chief Rabbi in Efrat, Israel)

Ritva (Rabbi Yom Tov ben Avraham al-Asevilli, 1248-1330, leading Spanish rabbi)

Reb Naphtali of Rophshitz (1760-1827, one of the leading scholars of his generation and a crucial figure in the development of Galician Hassidism)

Rabbi Zave Rudman (well-known Torah scholar and teacher in Israel)

R. Saadiah Gaon (882-942, Saadiah ben Joseph, great Babylonian leader, scholar and philosopher)

Rabbi Yonason Sacks (Contemporary Rabbi in Passaic, NJ and Rosh Yeshiva at Beis Midrash l’Talmud, a division of Lander College)

Rabbi Chaim of Sanz (1793–1876, famous Hasidic rabbi and the founder of the Sanz Hasidic dynasty, known as the Divrei Chaim after his magnum opus on Jewish law)

Nahum M. Sarna (1923-2005, Modern Biblical scholar)

Rabbi Shimon Schwab (1908-1995, communal leader in Germany and the United States. From 1958 until his death, he was the Chief Rabbi of the German Jewish community of Khal Adath Jeshurun in Washington Heights, Manhattan. He wrote several popular works on Jewish thought.)

Sefat Emet (Rabbi Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter of Ger, 1847-1905, Chassidic leader, author of Sefat Emet al HaTorah)

Sefer Ha’Chinuch (the classic work on the 613 commandments, their rationale and their regulations, by an anonymous author in 13th century Spain)

Sforno (Obadiah ben Jacob, 1470-1550, Italian Bible commentator)

Rabbi Elazar Shach (1899-2001, Co-Dean of Ponovezh Yeshiva in Bnei Brak, Israel and leader of the Lithuanian Haredi Jews of Israel)

Rabbi Yehuda Meir Shapiro (1887-1933, the Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshivat Chachmei Lublin and the founder of the Daf Yomi, the monumental project to encourage daily study of the Talmud)

Shelah HaKadosh (R. Yeshayah Hurwitz, 1560-1630, famed rabbinic leader, scholar and kabbalist of Poland, Frankfurt, Prague, and Jerusalem)

The Holy Shelah (Isaiah Horowitz, c. 1565-1630, prominent rabbi and mystic in Europe and Israel)

Shem MiShmuel (R. Shmuel of Sochachov, 1856-1920, author of many famous Chassidic discourses on the Pentateuch and other subjects)

Rabbi Shmelke of Nikolsburg (1726-1778, of Nikolsburg, Moravia, one of the great early Chasidic Rebbes)

Sifra (a halachic legal Midrash/commentary on the book of Leviticus)

Sifre (Midrash Halakhah on Numbers and Deuteronomy, composed by the Tanaaim, the rabbis of the Mishnah)

Siftei Chachamim (a popular supercommentary on Rashi’s Torah commentary, written by Rabbi Shabtai Bass, 1641-1718)

Siftei Cohen (Mystical commentary on the Pentateuch by R’ Mordechai HaKohen of Safed, 16th century)

Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik (1903-1993, original Talmudic scholar, thinker and leader)

Rabbi Yosef Ber Soloveitchik (great 20th century scholar of Brisk and Jerusalem, also known as Rav Berel Soloveitchik)

Rabbi Zalman Sorotzkin (1881-1966, famed European rabbi, leader of Agudath Israel in Israel)

Benedict Spinoza (1632–1677, considered one of the great rationalists of 17th century philosophy)

HaRav Moshe Swift (Rabbi Moshe Swift, 1907-1984, head of the Beit Din [Rabbinic Court] of London from 1964)

Tacitus (Roman historian, 56-120 CE)

The Taz (Rabbi David HaLevi Segal, 1586–1667, prominent Polish halachic authority and commentator on the Shulchan Aruch)

Rabbi Nossen Telushkin (1881-1970, Russian-born Chassidic scholar who was a leading expert in Jewish law in Brooklyn, NY)

Tosafot (Medieval commentators on the Bible)

Tosafot Yom Tov (commentary on the Mishnah written by Bohemian rabbi and Talmudist, Yom-Tov Lipmann Heller, 1578-1654)

Tanna D’bai Eliyahu Rabba, 28 (A midrash, consisting of two parts, Rabbah and Zutra, dating back to the 3rd century, whose final redaction took place at the end of the 10th century CE.)

Rabbi Naftali Trop (1871-1930, the Rosh Yeshiva of the Chofetz Chayim’s Yeshiva in Radin)

The Tur (1275-1340, Rabbi Jacob the son of the Rosh, author of an early version of the Code of Jewish Law)

Rebbetzin Feige Twerski (well-known Jewish educator, lecturer and advice columnist from Milwaukee, WI)

Rabbi Dr. Abraham Twerski (1930- American Hasidic rabbi and a psychiatrist specializing in substance abuse)

Tzror Hamor (Torah Commentary by Rabbi Abraham Sabba, 1440-1510, Spain, Portugal and North Africa)

Reb Yitzchak of Varkeh (1779–1848, the first Chassidic Rebbe of Varkeh)

Vilna Gaon (Elijah ben Shlomo Zalman Kremer, 1720-1797, Talmudist, halachist, kabbalist, and the foremost leader of non-Hassidic Jewry during his lifetime)

Rav Chaim of Volozhin (1749-1821, founder of the famous Yeshiva of Volozin)

Rabbi Berel Wein (popular contemporary author and teacher)

Rav Asher Weiss (American-born scholar, now residing in Israel, and popular Torah lecturer throughout the world)

Rabbeinu Yechiel (Yechiel ben Joseph of Paris, major Talmudic scholar d. 1260 or 1264)

Ya’avetz (Jacob Emden, 1697-1776, a  leading German rabbi and Talmudist, who championed Orthodox Judaism in the face  of the growing influence of the Sabbatean movement)

Yalkut Shimoni (best-known and most comprehensive Midrashic anthology, covering all of the Hebrew scriptures, attributed to Rabbi Shimon Hadarshon, 13th century Frankfurt

B. Yeushon (1889-1942, popular Polish Jewish author, journalist and publicist the compiler of Meotzarenu Hayashan)

Rabbi Yaakov Yosef (Rabbi Jacob Joseph of Polonne, 1710-1784, a major disciple of the Baal Shem Tov)

Tochachat Mussar, (Yehuda Leib Yosselowitz, commentary on Maimonides, published c. 1916)

Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakai (c. 70 CE, prominent sage who established the center of Jewish life in Yavneh following the destruction of the Second Temple)

Rabbi Shlomo Yosef Zevin (1888-1978, prominent Talmudic scholar, writer and religious Zionist leader of the 20th century)

Rabbi Alexander Ziskind (d. 1793, pietist and kabbalist, Grodna, Belarus)

Zohar (the basic work of Jewish mysticism attributed to the 2nd century sage, R. Simon bar Yochai, and his disciples)

Dr. Avivah Zornberg (1944- ,Scottish-born, contemporary Torah scholar and author)